The Arts and Crafts Movement was an art movement that originated in 19th century England and lasted until the end of the First World War. It saw itself as a counter-movement to the prevailing ideology of permanent progress and propagated a simple and natural life.
Its founder and one of its most important representatives was William Morris. He was also the one who had the first independent building built in this style.
The Red House in London is certainly the most interesting building of this movement to this day and its simple construction with brick façade, red tiled roofs and white window frames is reminiscent of old English parsonages.
Morris was thus opposed to all the prevailing conventions of his time, which prescribed a magnificent façade and demanded lavishly decorated rooms in the Italian Baroque style inside.
William Morris and his collaborator Philip Webb, on the other hand, decided to remain true to their ideal of a “natural” architecture. They attached importance to a high level of craftsmanship, good materials, and in their furnishings were oriented to the forms of the anonymous objects of their region.
The “Art and Crafts” movement spread to the mainland only very late, but then became the most important driving force for the development of Art Nouveau and Modernism.
More pictures of this unique house can be found here: Red House