With the Act of Settlement in 1701, the English Parliament created the basis for the fact that the succession to the throne in the kingdom remained firmly in Protestant hands.


The law stipulated that after the death of Annes, the last Protestant queen of the House of Stuart, the right of succession to the throne was to pass to her first cousin Sophie von der Pfalz, or her Protestant descendants, by circumventing the inheritance rules that had been in force until then.

Sophie was the twelfth child of Elector Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Bohemian “Winter King”, and Elisabeth Stuart and thus the next living Protestant relative of the queen.


Therefore, after the death of Queen Anne Stuart of Great Britain, who remained without descendants, the Protestant Elector Georg Ludwig of Braunschweig-Lüneburg inherited the British royal crown.

From 1698 he was to rule the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (or the Electorate of Hanover) as Elector Georg Ludwig and from 1714 as George I the Kingdom of Great Britain.

With this he founded the House of Hanover, which ruled in Great Britain until 1901.


The personal union between Great Britain and Hanover (called “Hanoverian England” in England) ended in 1837 with the accession of Queen Victoria, since in the Kingdom of Hanover, the successor state to the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, only male descendants were allowed to ascend the throne according to Salian law.


The death of Victoria finally ended the rule of the House of Hanover, for with the accession of her eldest son Edward VII to the throne she passed to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

A name that Eduard changed to Haus Windsor in 1917 for internal political reasons.